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Автоматические журналирование изменений в таблицах Microsoft SQL Server

Выполнить скрипт создания триггеров в базе

В первой строке обязательно измените название базы на ваше

USE MTBase
GO

IF NOT EXISTS(SELECT * FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLES WHERE TABLE_NAME= 'simplexar_audit')
CREATE TABLE simplexar_audit
(
AuditID [int]IDENTITY(1,1) NOT NULL,
Type char(1),
TableName varchar(128),
PrimaryKeyField varchar(1000),
PrimaryKeyValue varchar(1000),
FieldName varchar(128),
OldValue varchar(1000),
NewValue varchar(1000),
UpdateDate datetime DEFAULT (GetDate()),
UserName varchar(128)
)
GO

DECLARE @sql varchar(8000), @TABLE_NAME sysname
SET NOCOUNT ON

SELECT @TABLE_NAME= MIN(TABLE_NAME)
FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.Tables
WHERE
TABLE_TYPE= 'BASE TABLE'
AND TABLE_NAME!= 'sysdiagrams'
AND TABLE_NAME!= 'simplexar_audit'

WHILE @TABLE_NAME IS NOT NULL
BEGIN
EXEC('IF OBJECT_ID (''' + @TABLE_NAME+ '_ChangeTracking'', ''TR'') IS NOT NULL DROP TRIGGER ' + @TABLE_NAME+ '_ChangeTracking')
SELECT @sql =
'create trigger ' + @TABLE_NAME+ '_ChangeTracking on ' + @TABLE_NAME+ ' for insert, update, delete
as
declare @bit int ,
@field int ,
@maxfield int ,
@char int ,
@fieldname varchar(128) ,
@TableName varchar(128) ,
@PKCols varchar(1000) ,
@sql varchar(2000),
@UpdateDate varchar(21) ,
@UserName varchar(128) ,
@Type char(1) ,
@PKFieldSelect varchar(1000),
@PKValueSelect varchar(1000)

select @TableName = ''' + @TABLE_NAME+ '''

-- date and user
select @UserName = system_user ,
@UpdateDate = convert(varchar(8), getdate(), 112) + '' '' + convert(varchar(12), getdate(), 114)

-- Action
if exists (select * from inserted)
if exists (select * from deleted)
select @Type = ''U''
else
select @Type = ''I''
else
select @Type = ''D''

-- get list of columns
select * into #ins from inserted
select * into #del from deleted

-- Get primary key columns for full outer join
select @PKCols = coalesce(@PKCols + '' and'', '' on'') + '' i.'' + c.COLUMN_NAME + '' = d.'' + c.COLUMN_NAME
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS pk ,
INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE c
where pk.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = ''PRIMARY KEY''
and c.TABLE_NAME = pk.TABLE_NAME
and c.CONSTRAINT_NAME = pk.CONSTRAINT_NAME

-- Get primary key fields select for insert
select @PKFieldSelect = coalesce(@PKFieldSelect+''+'','''') + '''''''' + COLUMN_NAME + ''''''''
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS pk ,
INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE c
where pk.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = ''PRIMARY KEY''
and c.TABLE_NAME = pk.TABLE_NAME
and c.CONSTRAINT_NAME = pk.CONSTRAINT_NAME

select @PKValueSelect = coalesce(@PKValueSelect+''+'','''') + ''convert(varchar(100), coalesce(i.'' + COLUMN_NAME + '',d.'' + COLUMN_NAME + ''))''
from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.TABLE_CONSTRAINTS pk ,
INFORMATION_SCHEMA.KEY_COLUMN_USAGE c
where pk.TABLE_NAME = @TableName
and CONSTRAINT_TYPE = ''PRIMARY KEY''
and c.TABLE_NAME = pk.TABLE_NAME
and c.CONSTRAINT_NAME = pk.CONSTRAINT_NAME

if @PKCols is null
begin
raiserror(''no PK on table %s'', 16, -1, @TableName)
return
end

select @field = 0, @maxfield = max(ORDINAL_POSITION) from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName
while @field < @maxfield
begin
select @field = min(ORDINAL_POSITION) from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName and ORDINAL_POSITION > @field
select @bit = (@field - 1 )% 8 + 1
select @bit = power(2,@bit - 1)
select @char = ((@field - 1) / 8) + 1
if substring(COLUMNS_UPDATED(),@char, 1) & @bit > 0 or @Type in (''I'',''D'')
begin
select @fieldname = COLUMN_NAME from INFORMATION_SCHEMA.COLUMNS where TABLE_NAME = @TableName and ORDINAL_POSITION = @field
select @sql = ''insert simplexar_audit (Type, TableName, PrimaryKeyField, PrimaryKeyValue, FieldName, OldValue, NewValue, UpdateDate, UserName)''
select @sql = @sql + '' select '''''' + @Type + ''''''''
select @sql = @sql + '','''''' + @TableName + ''''''''
select @sql = @sql + '','' + @PKFieldSelect
select @sql = @sql + '','' + @PKValueSelect
select @sql = @sql + '','''''' + @fieldname + ''''''''
select @sql = @sql + '',convert(varchar(1000),d.'' + @fieldname + '')''
select @sql = @sql + '',convert(varchar(1000),i.'' + @fieldname + '')''
select @sql = @sql + '','''''' + @UpdateDate + ''''''''
select @sql = @sql + '','''''' + @UserName + ''''''''
select @sql = @sql + '' from #ins i full outer join #del d''
select @sql = @sql + @PKCols
select @sql = @sql + '' where i.'' + @fieldname + '' <> d.'' + @fieldname
select @sql = @sql + '' or (i.'' + @fieldname + '' is null and d.'' + @fieldname + '' is not null)''
select @sql = @sql + '' or (i.'' + @fieldname + '' is not null and d.'' + @fieldname + '' is null)''
exec (@sql)
end
end
'
SELECT @sql
EXEC(@sql)
SELECT @TABLE_NAME= MIN(TABLE_NAME) FROM INFORMATION_SCHEMA.Tables
WHERE TABLE_NAME> @TABLE_NAME
AND TABLE_TYPE= 'BASE TABLE'
AND TABLE_NAME!= 'sysdiagrams'
AND TABLE_NAME!= 'simplexar_audit'
END

Пример

Добавил в тестовую таблицу новую строку

2013-03-14 182556

В таблице аудита автоматически внеслись эти изменения

2013-03-14 182641

Источник

http://weblogs.asp.net/jgalloway/archive/2008/01/27/adding-simple-trigger-based-auditing-to-your-sql-server-database.aspx

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